Central, South East & Eastern Europe (CSEEE)
F. Juergen Moy
- Communications Consultant,
Alliances Manager and
- Technical & Commercial
Evangelist - Cloud and Data
D-82327 Tutzing am Starnberger See (Munich)
+49 (162) 701 6087
Map dated: August 2019
Microsoft Azure: How does Microsoft Azure work? (en)
Microsoft Azure: Microsoft high-performance computing with Azure
MicrosoftLearning: Introduction to Microsoft Azure (en)
Microsoft Research: Microsoft Azure Overview (en)
Microsoft Tech Summit: What is Azure? (en)
Microsoft Research: Windows Azure Cloud Computing (en)
Top current Strategic Azure-Cloud News on Azure Community Deutschland (ACD) User Group on LinkedIn
Top current Technical Azure-Cloud News on Azure Community Deutschland (ACD) User Group on Facebook
WHAT IS AZURE, WHAT IS AZURE USED FOR?
Microsoft Azure - The Mobile & Cloud Strategy & Solution
A Cloud Services Platform for Web Applications and Web Services - A Strategic Enterprise Solution.
Find here the "CIO Online Guide for Microsoft Azure" (PDF Download)
WIKI-DEFINITION: MICROSOFT AZURE (EN)
2. What is Azure, what is Azure used for?
Microsoft Azure - The Mobile & Cloud Strategy & Solution
A Cloud-Services Platform for Web Applications and Web Services - A Strategic Enterprise Solution.
Find here the CIO Online Guide for Microsoft Azure (PDF-Download)
3. WIKI-Definition: MICROSOFT AZURE (EN)
The Cloud-Services Platform for Web Applications and Web Services: Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Azure / is a /cloud computing platform and infrastructure, created by Microsoft, for building, deploying and managing applications and services through a global network of Microsoft-managed and Microsoft partner hosted datacenters. It provides both PaaS and IaaS services and supports many different programming languages, tools and frameworks, including both Microsoft-specific and third-party software and systems. Azure was announced in October 2008 and released on 1 February 2010 as Windows Azure, before being renamed to Microsoft Azure on 25 March 2014.
1.1.1 App services
App Services are platform as a service (PaaS) environment letting developers easily publish and manage web sites.
High density hosting of websites allows developers to build sites using ASP.NET, PHP, Node.js, or Python and can be deployed using FTP, Git, Mercurial or Team Foundation Server. This feature was announced in preview form in June 2012 at the Meet Microsoft Azure event. Customers can create websites in PHP, ASP.NET, Node.js, or Python, or select from several open source applications from a gallery to deploy. This comprises one aspect of the platform as a service (PaaS) offerings for the Microsoft Azure Platform. It was renamed to Web Apps in April 2015. http://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/services/app-service/web/
These applications can be deployed to a Web App to implement background processing. That can be invoked on a schedule, on demand or can run continuously. The Blob, Table and Queue services can be used to communicate between Web Apps and Web Jobs and to provide state.
2 MOBILE SERVICES
2.1 Biztalk Services
2.1.1 Cloud services
Azure network and computes deployment architecture
Cloud Services is a platform as a service (PaaS) environment and can be used to create scalable applications and services. It supports multi-tier architectures and automated deployments. Previously named "Hosted Services", the Cloud Services for Microsoft Azure comprise one aspect of the PaaS offerings from the Microsoft Azure Platform. The Cloud Services are containers of hosted applications. These applications can be Internet-facing public web applications (such as web sites and e-commerce solutions) named "Web Roles", or they can be private processing engines for other work, such as processing orders or analyzing data named "Worker Roles".
Developers can write code for Cloud Services in a variety of different programming languages. There are specific software development kits (SDKs) provided by Microsoft for Python, Java, Node.js and .NET. Other languages may have support through Open Source projects. Microsoft published the source code for their client libraries on GitHub.
2.1.2 Virtual machines
Windows Azure virtual machines comprise the infrastructure as a service (IaaS) offering from Microsoft for their public cloud. Virtual machines enable developers to migrate applications and infrastructure without changing existing code and can run both Windows Server and Linux virtual machines. It was announced in preview form at the Meet Windows Azure event in June 2012. Customers can create virtual machines, of which they have complete control, to run in Microsoft's data centers. As of the preview the virtual machines supported Windows Server 2008 and 2012 operating systems and a few distributions of Linux. The General Availability version of Virtual Machine was released in May 2013.
2.2 Big Compute
Helps run large parallel and high performance computing workloads in the Cloud.
2.2.2 HPC Pack
The high performance computing pack lets developers implement parallel processing.
Scheduler automatically runs previously declared recurring and one-off tasks.
2.2.4 Remote App
Delivers Windows apps from Azure to run on a variety of devices – Windows, Mac OS X, iOS or Android. Remote applications are run on Windows Server in the Azure cloud, where they’re easier to scale and update. Application users install Remote Desktop clients on their Internet-connected laptop, tablet or phone, and can access applications as if they were running locally.
2.3 Storage Services
2.3.1 Table Service
This service lets programs store structured text in partitioned collections of entities that are accessed by partition key and primary key.
2.3.2 Blob Service
This service lets programs store unstructured text and binary data as blobs that can be accessed by a path.
2.3.3 Queue Service
This service lets programs communicate asynchronously by message using queues.
2.3.4 File Service
This service lets programs store and access data on the cloud using the SMB protocol.
2.4 Data management
SQL Database, formerly known as SQL Azure Database, works to create, scale and extend applications into the cloud using Microsoft SQL Server technology. It also integrates with Active Directory and Microsoft System Center and Hadoop.
2.4.2 Azure Search
The Search service provides text search and a subset of [OData]'s structured filters using REST or SDK APIs.
2.4.3 Document DB
2.4.4 Redis Cache
A managed implementation of Redis
The StorSimple service manages storage tasks between on-premises devices and cloud storage.
2.5 Business Analytics
HDInsight is Microsoft's cloud based Hadoop distribution
2.5.2 Azure Machine Learning
Cloud-based predictive analytics and publishing of APIs on the cloud."Machine Learning - Microsoft Azure". Microsoft Azure. Microsoft. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
2.5.3 Stream Analytics
The Stream Analytics service provides low latency, highly available, scalable complex event processing over streaming data in the cloud."Stream Analytics - Microsoft Azure". Microsoft Azure. Microsoft. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
2.5.4 Data Catalogue
The Data Catalog service is a system of registration and system of discovery for enterprise data sources."Data Catalog Search syntax reference - Microsoft Azure". Microsoft Azure. Microsoft. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
2.5.5 Data Factory
The Data Factory allows developers to build data-driven workflows between their local, cloud-based and internet services with complex data processing logic and little
programming. "Data Factory Developer Reference- Microsoft Azure". Microsoft Azure. Microsoft.
Retrieved 11082015. Check date values in:
2.6.1 Azure Active Directory
2.6.2 Rights Management
2.6.3 Access Control Service
2.6.4 Multi-Factor Authentication
2.7.1 Microsoft Azure Service Bus
2.8 Media services
A PaaS offering that can be used for encoding, content protection, streaming, and/or analytics.
A global content delivery network for audio, video, applications, images, and other high-bandwidth files.
2.10.1 Virtual Network
A hosted Virtual private network
Azure DNS is a DNS domain hosting service. It provides domain name resolution services using the cloud infrastructure of Microsoft Azure. The Azure DNS services are integrated with other Azure services in terms of APIs, billing, credentials. The Azure DNS service is built up on the highly scalable cloud infrastructure provided by Microsoft Azure. The deployment is Anycast based and the service has a high global footprint to provide faster network resolution. Azure DNS is currently open for public preview.
2.10.3 Express Route
This offering lets you create private connections between Azure datacenters and infrastructure that’s on your premises or in a colocation environment. ExpressRoute connections don't go over the public Internet (sometimes called "dark fiber") and offer more reliability, faster speeds (it's like a leased line), lower latencies (one hop to Azure), and may offer higher security than typical Internet connections. In some cases, using ExpressRoute connections to transfer data between on-premises systems and Azure can also yield significant cost benefits.
2.10.4 Traffic Manager
2.11.2 Site Recovery
2.12.2 Application Insights
Microsoft Azure uses a specialized operating system, called Microsoft Azure, to run its "fabric layer": a cluster hosted at Microsoft's data centers that manages computing and storage resources of the computers and provisions the resources (or a subset of them) to applications running on top of Microsoft Azure. Microsoft Azure has been described as a "cloud layer" on top of a number of Windows Server systems, which use Windows Server 2008 and a customized version of Hyper-V, known as the Microsoft Azure Hypervisor to provide virtualization of services.
Scaling and reliability are controlled by the Microsoft Azure Fabric Controller so the services and environment do not crash if one of the servers crashes within the Microsoft data center and provides the management of the user's web application like memory resources and load balancing.
Azure provides an API built on REST, HTTP, and XML that allows a developer to interact with the services provided by Microsoft Azure. Microsoft also provides a client-side managed class library which encapsulates the functions of interacting with the services. It also integrates with Microsoft Visual Studio, Git, and Eclipse.
October 2008 (PDC LA)
Announced the Windows Azure Platform
First CTP of Windows Azure
Announced SQL Azure Relational Database
Updated Windows Azure CTP
Enabled full trust, PHP, Java, CDN CTP and more
Announced VM Role, Project Sidney, Pricing and SLAs
Project "Dallas" CTP
Windows Azure Platform commercially available
Windows Azure Update
SQL Azure Update (Service Update 3)
50 GB databases
Spatial data support
October 2010 (PDC)
Windows Azure Virtual Machine Role
Admin mode, Startup tasks
Extra Small Instances
Windows Azure Connect
Access to on-premises resource for cross-premises apps
Support for domain-joining VMs
Direct role-instance connectivity for easier development
Use your existing remote administration tools
Improved Dev / IT Pro Experience
New Windows Azure Platform Management Portal
Multiple users & roles for management
Enhanced Dev Tools
SQL Azure reporting
Virtual machines for Windows and Linux (backed by persistent storage)
Locally redundant storage
Former Windows Azure logo, 2012-2014
Windows Azure renamed to Microsoft Azure
New beta preview management portal released
Azure experiences an outage affecting several customers - "An internal server error has occurred".
Azure Machine Learning public preview 
Microsoft Azure experiences outage affecting major websites including MSN.com.
Azure Cloud Switch introduced as a cross-platform Linux distribution.
5 DATA CENTER REGIONS
Some data center regions have servers grouped inside containers, each containing 1800–2500 servers. As of 2014, the servers running in China (North) and China (East) are available for customers signed up through 21Vianet only, the local Microsoft Azure operator. Microsoft Azure officially launched its Oceania location on 27 October 2014, the Australia Regions is currently limited to customers with billing addresses in Australia and New Zealand. Pricing, terms and conditions may differ between regions.
Construction of the $500 million facility required one million man-hours of work with a peak workforce of around 2,100 workers. The facility, which began operating on 1 July 2009, currently covers 303,000 square feet (2.815 hectares), with 5.4 megawatts of critical power available. Over time, the data center is expandable to a total of 22.2 megawatts of critical power to support future growth.
Microsoft has stated that, per the USA Patriot Act, the US government can have access to the data even if the hosted company is not American and the data resides outside the USA. However, Microsoft Azure is compliant with the E.U. Data Protection Directive (95/46/EC)[contradiction]. To manage privacy and security related concerns, Microsoft has created a Microsoft Azure Trust Center, and Microsoft Azure has several of its services compliant with several compliance programs including ISO 27001:2005 and HIPAA. A full and current listing can be found on the Microsoft Azure Trust Center Compliance page. Of special note, Microsoft Azure has been granted JAB Provisional Authority to Operate (P-ATO) from the U.S. government in accordance with guidelines spelled out under the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP), a U.S. government program that provides a standardized approach to security assessment, authorization, and continuous monitoring for cloud services used by the federal government.
7 SIGNIFICANT OUTAGES
Documented Microsoft Azure outages and service disruptions.
Expiry of an SSL certificate
Xbox Live, Xbox Music and Video also affected
Worldwide partial compute outage
Azure storage upgrade caused reduced capacity across several regions
Xbox Live, Windows Store, MSN, Search, Visual Studio Online among others were affected.
As of February 18, 2015 Azure has been available for 99.9459% of the past year.
8 SEE ALSO
Jump up ^ "Windows Azure Documentation: Get started building cloud applications". Windowsazure.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
Jump up ^ "SQL Azure SU3 is Now Live and Available in 6 Datacenters Worldwide". SQL Azure Team Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
Jump up ^ "Microsoft Azure Machine Learning combines power of comprehensive machine learning with benefits of cloud". blogs.microsoft.com. 2014-06-16.
Jump up ^ "Microsoft demonstrates its Linux-based Azure Cloud Switch operating system". ZDNet.com. 2015-09-18.
Jump up ^ "Inside Microsoft Azure's data center, one of world's largest". Neowin. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
Jump up ^ "21Vianet Announces General Availability of Microsoft Azure Services in China". 21Vianet. 21Vianet. March 26, 2014. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
Jump up ^ "Microsoft Azure Data Center Locations World Wide | Joran Markx". Joranmarkx.wordpress.com. 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
Jump up ^ "Microsoft Canada | Microsoft Cloud Touches Down in Canada". reimagine.microsoft.ca. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
^ Jump up to: a b "UPDATED: 24 Nodes Available Globally for the Microsoft Azure CDN Including New Node in Doha, QT". MSDN Blogs. Microsoft. 2011-02-24. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
Jump up ^ "Two New Nodes for the Windows Azure CDN Enhance Service Across Asia". MSDN Blogs. Microsoft. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
Jump up ^ Toor, Amar (2011-06-30). "Microsoft: European cloud data may not be immune to the Patriot Act". Engadget.com. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
Jump up ^ "Summary of Windows Azure Service Disruption on Feb 29th, 2012". Blogs.msdn.com. 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
Jump up ^ Bishop, Bryan. "Xbox Live and Windows Azure suffering from extended outages". Theverge.com. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
Jump up ^ "Microsoft's Windows Azure cloud hit by worldwide management interuption". www.pcworld.com. 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
Jump up ^ Foley, Mary J. "Microsoft says Storage service performance update brought Azure down". ZD.NET. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
10 FURTHER READING
Chappell, David (October 2008). "Introducing Windows Azure" (PDF). Microsoft.
"Stairway to Azure (3): Componentes de Cómputo y Almacenamiento". WarNov Developer Evangelist. Microsoft. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
11 EXTERNAL LINKS